“Education is a matter of life and death for Pakistan. The world is progressing so rapidly that without requisite advance in education, not only shall we lag behind others but may be wiped out altogether.”
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
We all know the importance of education. In this era of fast growing world, it is the most important aspect of any country’s progress and development. Education build the nations. It plays a very important role in building the future of nation. So, we must make our education system up to the international standards because it is essential for the development of any country.
As Pakistan is an under developed country. Literacy rate of Pakistan is only 56% which is very low as compared to developed countries.it means that half of the population of Pakistan is illiterate and can contribute very little to economic development. Our government should take serious steps to improve the literacy rate of Pakistan.so that our govt should adopt our education policies very carefully because our future depends on these policies.
The very first step is to make sure the full enrollment in primary schools. The state shall provide free education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years. Because it is the fundamental right of peoples.as Pakistan is an Islamic country. Islam also tells us about education and its importance. Our last prophet Muhammad(SAW) said that seeking education is a duty upon every Muslim.
Now coming to the flaws in the education system of Pakistan, we see today in Pakistan that the condition of schools and colleges of govt sector is worse than private sector. This is mainly due to the syllabus and method of teaching in both private and govt sector. We ourselves have created double standards for education that different levels of education for different class of peoples. Middle class and upper classes education level is better than lower class because they can’t afford costly fees of private sectors.
Both private and govt schools are not giving the real education. In schools we are just preparing them for money. We are not educating them we are just preparing them as money making machines. Govt should take specific steps to end the cramming system in both private and govt schools and implement practical work system.so that every student can gain more knowledge by doing research on specific topic. This is better than cramming system in which student must memorize everything for a very short period.
Pakistan’s education system is
facing a myriad of problems, most of
which can be solved by proper planning and
implementation provided that the
state is honest with its people.
Pakistan’s engagement in war against terrorism also affected the promotion of literacy campaign. The militants targeted schools and students; several educational institutions were blown up, teachers and students were killed in Balochistan, KPK and FATA. This may have to contribute not as much as other factors, but this remains an important factor. Pakistan spends 2.4% GDP on education. At national level, 89% education expenditure comprises of current expenses such as teachers’ salaries, while only 11% comprises of development expenditure which is not sufficient to raise quality of education.
We are also facing many problems in education system due to inequality and quality of syllabus. Syllabus taught in private schools is different than govt schools syllabus.at first govt should implement same course and syllabus in all schools so that everyone gets same education. There is also a dire need to train the teachers to make sure that they are teaching according to some standards.at least one training session should be held in every six months where professionals should teach some better ways to teachers for teaching.in this way we can get more concentration on improvement of teaching methods. Since majority of Pakistani population resides in rural areas and the access to education is a major problem for them, it seems feasible that a balanced approach for formal and informal education be adopted. Government as well as non-government sector should work together to promote education in rural areas.
These are the flaws and suggestions about education system in Pakistan. But the main purpose is to change the education system. Who can change it? Of course, it’s the duty of govt policy makers. But it seems that they are not performing their duty for last 70 years. Every year education policy is reviewed by the government but the results are still same. These policy makers are playing with the future of nations just for them on profits and aims. Our policy makers should have to think about our children education because they are the future of nation. We need to take specific steps to change the education system immediately otherwise it will be very dangerous for the future of Pakistan.